1791: Anna Claypoole Peale, US painter, specializing in portrait miniatures and still lifes, born.
1882: Sarah Wambaugh, US political scientist who became recognised as the world’s leading authority on plebiscites, born.
1924: Sarah Caldwell, founder, conductor, & artistic director of the Opera Company of Boston, born.
1937: Valentina Tereshkova, Soviet cosmonaut, 1st woman to fly in space & 1st civilian to fly in space, born.
1980: Marguerite Yourcenar becomes the 1st woman elected to Academie Francoise, the pre-eminent French on French language.